Visit Website Moving to the Suburbs The baby boom and the suburban boom went hand in hand. Bill subsidized low-cost mortgages for returning soldiers, which meant that it was often cheaper to buy one of these suburban houses than it was to rent an apartment in the city.
Aftermath of World War II Among the causes can be mentioned the rapid normalization of political relations between former Axis powers and the western Allies. After the war, the major powers were determined not to repeat the mistakes of the Great Depressionsome of which were ascribed to post—World War I policy errors.
The Marshall Plan for the rebuilding of Europe is most credited for reconciliation, though the immediate post-war situations was more complicated. Institutional arrangements[ edit ] Institutional economists point to the international institutions established in the post-war period.
Structurally, the victorious Allies established the United Nations and the Bretton Woods monetary systeminternational institutions designed to promote stability.
This was achieved through a number of policies, including promoting free tradeinstituting the Marshall Planand the use of Keynesian economics.
US Council of Economic Advisers[ edit ] In the United States, the Employment Act of set the goals of achieving full employment, full production, and stable prices. It also created the Council of Economic Advisers to provide objective economic analysis and advice on the development and implementation of a wide range of domestic and international economic policy issues.
In its first 7 years the CEA made five technical advances in policy making: Japan and West Germany caught up to and exceeded the GDP of the United Kingdom during these years, even as the UK itself was experiencing the greatest absolute prosperity in its history.
In France, this period is often looked back to with nostalgia as the Trente Glorieusesor "Glorious Thirty", while the economies of West Germany and Austria were characterized by Wirtschaftswunder economic miracleand in Italy it is called Miracolo economico economic miracle.
Most developing countries also did well in this period.
Belgian economic miracle Belgium experienced a brief but very rapid economic recovery in the aftermath of World War II. Economic growth in the period was accompanied by low inflation and sharp increases in real living standards.
This contributed to the start of deindustrialisation in Wallonia and the emergence of regional economic disparities. The economic growth occurred mainly due to productivity gains and to an increase in the number of working hours.
Indeed, the working population grew very slowly, the " baby boom " being offset by the extension of the time dedicated to study. Productivity gains came from catching up with the United States. Among the "major" nations, only Japan had faster growth in this era than France. The service sector grew rapidly and became the largest sector, generating a large foreign-trade surplus, chiefly from the earnings from tourism.
Italian economic miracle The Italian economy experienced very variable growth. In the s and early s the Italian economy boomedwith record high growth-rates, including 6.
This rapid and sustained growth was due to the ambitions of several[ quantify ] Italian businesspeople, the opening of new industries helped by the discovery of hydrocarbons, made for iron and steel, in the Po valleyre-construction and the modernisation of most Italian cities, such as Milan, Rome and Turin, and the aid given to the country after World War II notably through the Marshall Plan.
Japanese economic miracle A transistor radio made by Sanyo in Japan emerged as a significant power in many economic spheres, including steel working, car manufacturing and the manufacturing of electronics. Japan rapidly caught up with the West in foreign trade, GNP, and general quality of life.
The high economic growth and political tranquility of the mid to late s were slowed by the quadrupling of oil prices in The United States pressured Japan to remedy the imbalance, demanding that Tokyo raise the value of the yen and open its markets further to facilitate more imports from the United States.
The nation ranked in the top 15 most prosperous countries. However, the growth slowed and ended byas the Khrushchev regime poured resources into large military and space projects, and the civilian sector languished.
While every other major nation greatly expanded its service sector, that sector in the Soviet Union medicine, for example was given low priority. Record years Sweden emerged almost unharmed from World War II, and experienced tremendous economic growth until the early s, as Social Democratic Prime Minister Tage Erlander held his office from to Sweden used to be a country of emigrants until the s, but the demand for labor spurred immigration to Sweden, especially from Finland and countries like Greece, Italy and Yugoslavia.
Urbanization was fast, and housing shortage in urban areas was imminent until the Million Programme was launched in the s.
United Kingdom[ edit ] The national debt of the United Kingdom was at a record high percentage of the GDP as the war ended, but was largely repaid by A speech by UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan  captures what the golden age felt like, even before the brightest years which were to come in the s.War and Economic History.
War has influenced economic history profoundly across time and space. Thus the evolution of warfare and of world economic history are intertwined. War is the proximal cause of the recurring inflationary spikes that demarcate year "Kondratieff waves" in the world economy.
A History of War Profits in America. Economic growth and the break. The period from to was one of rapid economic growth of above 4%, in part due to rapid population growth.
However, a sharp break in the growth rate to around % occurred from to The decade following World War II is fondly remembered as a period of economic growth and cultural stability. America had won the war and defeated the forces of evil in the world.
America had won the war and defeated the forces of evil in the world.
The economic history of the United States is about characteristics of and important developments in the U.S. economy from colonial times to the present. The emphasis is on economic performance and how it was affected by new technologies, especially those that improved productivity, which is the main cause of economic growth.
The United States before World War I was an economic superpower rivalling the much older empire-nations of Europe. The s had been a period of division and conflict for the United States, but also one of industrialisation, expansion and prosperity. Aug 21, · Watch video · After World War II ended, many Americans were eager to have children because they were confident that the future held nothing but peace and prosperity.
In many ways, they were right. In many ways.